Prof. Dr. Ali EKİZ

Prof. Dr. Ali EKİZ

Gynecology and Perinatology (Risky Pregnancy) Specialist

With over 15 years of professional experience, dozens of national and international research articles, and most importantly, his smiling face, Gynecology and Perinatology Specialist Prof. Dr. Ali EKİZ is with you.

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Pregnancy Follow-up in Patients with Thyroid Disorders

What is Pregnancy Follow-up in Those with Thyroid Disorder? How To?

Pregnancy is an exciting but also tense situation for every parent. In some cases, there may be risks to the health of the mother and baby. One of these conditions is thyroid disorder. Thyroid disorder during pregnancy can cause various risks to the health of the mother and baby. Imbalance of thyroid hormones can affect the pregnancy process and lead to some complications. Therefore, the pregnancy follow-up process is important. In this article, we have compiled what you need to know about pregnancy follow-up in those with thyroid disorders.

What are the Risks of Thyroid Disorder During Pregnancy?

Having a thyroid disorder in the expectant mother during pregnancy may lead to various risks. We can list the possible risks of thyroid disorder during pregnancy as follows:

• Low birth weight: Low maternal thyroid hormones may cause low birth weight in the baby.

• Possibility of premature birth: Imbalance of thyroid hormones may increase the risk of premature birth.

• Preeclampsia: High thyroid hormones may increase the risk of a pregnancy-related hypertension complication called preeclampsia.

• Placental problems: Improper regulation of thyroid hormones can affect the function of the placenta.

• Risk of gestational diabetes: Thyroid disorder may increase the risk of developing gestational diabetes.

• Risk of preterm birth: High or low thyroid hormones may increase the risk of preterm birth.

• Thyroid problems in the baby: Thyroid disorder in the expectant mother may cause temporary thyroid problems in the baby. Especially if the expectant mother has Graves’ disease, it may cause the baby’s thyroid gland to work rapidly.

• Mental and neurological development: Thyroid hormones are critical for the mental and neurological development of babies. Thyroid disorder in the expectant mother may cause problems in these areas in the baby.

Correct treatment and regular follow-up for expectant mothers with thyroid disorders during pregnancy can help minimize these risks. When pregnancy is planned or pregnancy is detected, a doctor should be consulted and thyroid functions should be checked. Proper regulation of thyroid hormones is important for a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby.

How to Follow Pregnancy in People with Thyroid Disorder?

Expectant mothers with thyroid disorders during pregnancy can have a healthy pregnancy with regular follow-up and appropriate treatment. The follow-up process is important for the health of mother and baby and therefore includes several steps:

• Thyroid Function Tests: Thyroid function tests are performed in the early stages of pregnancy, when the pregnancy is planned or when pregnancy is detected. These tests usually include TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone) and free T4 (free thyroxine) levels. These tests help evaluate how thyroid function is working and help determine the treatment plan.

• Medication Adjustment: Thyroid hormone levels may change during pregnancy. If the expectant mother has previously been receiving thyroid hormone replacement therapy, her hormone need will increase as the pregnancy progresses due to the increasing metabolic load and this will need to be regulated.

• Regular Doctor Visits: Expectant mothers with thyroid disorders during pregnancy should visit the doctor regularly. During these visits, thyroid hormone levels and general health status are monitored. If necessary, adjustments are made for treatment.

• Diet and Medications: Expectant mothers with thyroid disorders should regularly follow the diet and medications recommended by their doctors. It is important to keep thyroid hormones balanced during pregnancy. Therefore, the right diet and medications can help achieve this balance.

• Baby Monitoring: Thyroid functions in the baby can also be monitored during pregnancy. Temporary hyperthyroidism may also develop in the baby, especially if the expectant mother has had Graves’ disease. For this reason, thyroid functions are also checked in the baby.

Expectant mothers with thyroid disorders during pregnancy should closely coordinate their treatment and follow-up processes with their doctors. It is important to follow the doctor’s recommendations, not to neglect regular check-ups, and for a healthy pregnancy. Every pregnancy is individual, so it’s important to stay in touch with your doctor for a follow-up plan that suits your personal situation.

Does Thyroid Disorder Affect Conception?

Thyroid levels that are lower than normal may cause a problem called infertility. However, it does not completely prevent pregnancy. When a woman with a thyroid disorder becomes pregnant; You may experience problems such as premature birth and miscarriage.

MAKE YOUR APPOINTMENT WITH PROF. DR. ALİ EKİZ!

You can make your appointment with Perinatology (Risky Pregnancy) Specialist Prof. Dr. Ali Ekiz via the WhatsApp button.

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