Prof. Dr. Ali EKİZ

Prof. Dr. Ali EKİZ

Gynecology and Perinatology (Risky Pregnancy) Specialist

With over 15 years of professional experience, dozens of national and international research articles, and most importantly, his smiling face, Gynecology and Perinatology Specialist Prof. Dr. Ali EKİZ is with you.

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High-Risk Pregnancy Follow-up

What is Risky Pregnancy Follow-up? Why is it done?

Pregnancy is considered a very exciting experience for almost every parent. Although this experience can sometimes be quite calm, it can be risky in some cases. In such cases, the expectant mother is defined as a high-risk pregnancy. Risky pregnancy should also be monitored. In this article, we have compiled what you need to know about risky pregnancy.

What is Risky Pregnancy?

High-risk pregnancy is a term used when pregnancy is associated with more health problems and complications than usual. Every pregnancy carries some risk, but in some cases the risk may be higher.

What are the factors that trigger risky pregnancy?

Risky pregnancy can be seen in almost every expectant mother. However, in some cases, various factors may trigger a risky pregnancy. It is possible to list some of these situations as follows:

• Maternal age: Advanced age (>35 years) or adolescent (<18 years) pregnancies are defined as risky pregnancies.

• Previous pregnancy complications: Complications such as previous miscarriage, premature birth, and low birth weight increase the likelihood that future pregnancies will be risky.

• Medical diseases: The expectant mother; Having chronic health problems such as diabetes, hypertension, heart diseases, kidney diseases and epilepsy makes pregnancy risky.

• Infections: Some infections, especially during pregnancy, can negatively affect the health of the baby. For example; We can say cytomegalovirus and toxoplasma infections. Hepatitis B carriers and chronic HCV patients are in the risky pregnancy category.

• Placenta problems: Impairment of the function of the placenta may affect the baby’s nutrition and oxygen intake.

• Multiple pregnancies: The risk is higher in expectant mothers carrying twins or more babies.

• Habits of the expectant mother: Harmful habits such as alcohol consumption, smoking or drug use lead to risky pregnancies.

• Genetic factors: Being a parent who is a genetic disease carrier puts the pregnancy in a risky group.

• Consanguineous marriage: Especially first-degree cousin marriages are risky pregnancies.

• Obese patients: Pregnant women with a body mass index over 30 are in the risky pregnancy group.

High-risk pregnancies may require closer monitoring and special treatment or tests. In such pregnancies, it is important to carry out more strict monitoring to protect the health of the mother and the baby and, when necessary, to implement special care plans guided by the perinatologist. For this reason, women with a risky pregnancy should have their pregnancies monitored regularly and be examined by a perinatologist.

What is Risky Pregnancy Follow-up?

Risky pregnancy follow-up is the process of monitoring expectant mothers who have risk factors or potential complications during pregnancy more closely throughout their pregnancy and implementing special care plans. In this way, the health of the mother and baby can be better protected and possible complications can be detected early.

How to Follow-up Risky Pregnancy?

We can list the necessary steps for risky pregnancy follow-up as follows:

• Advance planning and preliminary counseling: Since high-risk pregnancies are usually not planned, a woman should consult a doctor as soon as she becomes aware of her pregnancy. Contacting a healthcare professional early will help assess the risk level of the pregnancy. Ideally, you should seek advice from a perinatologist before becoming pregnant.

• Expert healthcare team: Expectant mothers with risky pregnancies, obstetrics, perinatology (high-risk pregnancy specialist), endocrinology (for endocrine diseases such as diabetes), cardiology (for heart diseases), etc. It can be followed by different experts such as:

• Regular prenatal checks: In high-risk pregnancies, regular prenatal checks are of great importance. During checkups, ultrasound, blood tests and other medical tests may be performed to evaluate the health of the mother and baby.

• Nutrition and lifestyle counseling: Having a healthy diet and avoiding harmful habits is important in high-risk pregnancies. Therefore, counseling on nutrition and lifestyle should be provided throughout pregnancy.

• Medication and treatment management: In some high-risk pregnancies, medication may be required for the mother. Therefore, medications used during pregnancy should be chosen carefully and managed by a specialist physician.

• Hospitalization and monitoring: In some high-risk pregnancies, hospitalization may be required to protect the health of the mother or baby. In this case, constant monitoring and care is provided in the hospital.

• Birth planning: In risky pregnancies, it is important to plan issues such as delivery method and place of birth. Experts will make decisions to determine the type of birth that is most suitable for the health of the mother and baby.

• Support: It is important for women to receive psychological and social support during high-risk pregnancies. Family and environmental support can help the woman have a more comfortable pregnancy.

However, it should not be forgotten that every risky pregnancy is different and treatment and follow-up plans may vary depending on the individual situation. For this reason, expectant mothers with risky pregnancies should be under the supervision of a perinatologist. He/she should be examined by a perinatologist at least periodically.


You can make your appointment with Perinatology (Risky Pregnancy) Specialist Prof. Dr. Ali Ekiz via the WhatsApp button.

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