Prof. Dr. Ali EKİZ

Prof. Dr. Ali EKİZ

Gynecology and Perinatology (Risky Pregnancy) Specialist

With over 15 years of professional experience, dozens of national and international research articles, and most importantly, his smiling face, Gynecology and Perinatology Specialist Prof. Dr. Ali EKİZ is with you.

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Nutrition in Pregnancy

Proper nutrition during pregnancy is of great importance for the health of mother and baby. By getting the nutrients the body needs during pregnancy, it is possible to support the healthy development of the baby and maintain the energy level of the expectant mother.

This article provides an introduction and discussion on nutrition during pregnancy. Topics such as choosing the right food during pregnancy, vitamin and mineral supplements, toxoplasmosis and food safety will be emphasized.

Choosing the right food is very important for the health of the mother and the baby during pregnancy. During pregnancy, it is necessary to take essential nutrients such as protein, carbohydrate, fat, vitamins and minerals in a balanced way.

In this way, while the healthy development of the baby is supported, the expectant mother’s pregnancy process is ensured to progress healthier. In addition, it is especially important to take adequate amounts of certain vitamins and minerals such as folic acid, iron and calcium during pregnancy.

The following factors should be considered for choosing the right food during pregnancy:

Consuming a variety of foods: Consuming a variety of foods from different food groups helps to meet the nutrients the body needs.
Preferring fresh and natural foods: Avoiding processed and additive foods ensures that foods are consumed in their natural state.
Drink plenty of water: Drinking enough water during pregnancy ensures that the body stays hydrated and the digestive system works properly.
Consume low amounts of caffeine: Excessive consumption of caffeine-containing beverages can be harmful to pregnancy, so caffeine intake should be limited.

It is important to consult your doctor and dietitian for more information on proper nutrition during pregnancy. Remember, proper nutrition is of great importance for a healthy pregnancy.

Choosing the Right Food

Choosing the right foods during pregnancy is of great importance for the health of mother and baby. Getting the nutrients needed for the healthy development of the baby helps the expectant mother to maintain her health.

It is important to pay attention to the following factors to make the right food choice during pregnancy:

Protein: Getting enough protein during pregnancy contributes to the development of the baby’s cells and tissues. Protein sources such as meat, fish, eggs, milk and dairy products should be preferred.
Iron: Iron deficiency is common during pregnancy and can lead to anemia. Red meat, chicken, fish, legumes and green leafy vegetables rich in iron should be consumed.
Calcium: Calcium intake is important for the development of the baby and the maintenance of the mother’s calcium stores. Dairy products such as milk, yogurt, cheese, almonds, sesame seeds and green leafy vegetables are calcium sources.
Folic Acid: Taking folic acid supplements before pregnancy and during the first trimester supports the baby’s spine and brain development. Foods such as eggs, spinach, broccoli and oranges are rich in folic acid.
Vitamins A, C, D and E: These vitamins are important for the healthy development of the baby. Carrots, tomatoes, citrus fruits, fish, milk and dairy products contain these vitamins.

When choosing the right food during pregnancy, it is also important to stay away from processed and prepared foods. Choosing fresh and natural foods contributes to the healthy growth of the baby. It is also important to create a regular and balanced nutrition program. Eating in accordance with your doctor’s recommendations will help you have a healthy pregnancy.

Vitamin and Mineral Supplements during Pregnancy

During pregnancy, it is recommended to take certain vitamins and minerals as supplements to protect the health of mother and baby. These supplements help to meet the nutrients needed by the body during pregnancy and help you have a healthy pregnancy.

Knowing which vitamins and minerals are important is very important for proper nutrition during pregnancy. Here are some vitamins and minerals that are important during pregnancy:

Folic acid: Taking folic acid supplements before pregnancy and during the first trimester helps reduce the risk of neural tube defects. Folic acid is found in green leafy vegetables, citrus fruits, nuts, legumes and cereals.
Iron: Iron deficiency is common during pregnancy and it is important to take iron supplements. Iron plays an important role in hemoglobin production and helps the baby to develop healthily. Red meat, chicken, fish, eggs, dried fruits, dark green leafy vegetables and legumes are rich in iron.
Calcium: Calcium intake is important for the baby’s development and to maintain the mother’s calcium stores. Milk, yogurt, cheese, almonds, sesame seeds and green leafy vegetables are rich sources of calcium.
Vitamin D: Vitamin D increases calcium absorption and supports the baby’s bone health. Vitamin D is obtained from sunlight and is also found in fish, eggs and dairy products.
Omega-3 fatty acids: Omega-3 fatty acids are important for the baby’s brain and eye development. Fish, walnuts, chia seeds and flaxseeds are rich in omega-3 fatty acids.

Expert Dietitian Gülsüm KARATAŞ

Nutrition Specialist

Pregnant Women Who Gain Excess Weight During Pregnancy

Pregnant women who gain excess weight during pregnancy may face some health risks. Being overweight increases the likelihood of complications during pregnancy and can jeopardize the health of the mother and baby.

Many women gain weight during pregnancy, but gaining too much weight can lead to some health problems. In particular, obesity or being overweight increases the risk of gestational diabetes, high blood pressure, pre-eclampsia and birth complications. Although excess weight gain seems to be a relative concept, it is in fact clear.

The recommended weight gain during pregnancy is 12-16 kilograms for women with a normal body mass index. This weight gain should be closely monitored in monthly controls. Ideally, every pregnant woman should be counseled by a dietitian specialized in nutrition during pregnancy.

Excess weight gain can affect the size of the baby and cause complications at birth. In addition, women who gain excess weight during pregnancy may also face difficulties in the postpartum weight loss process.

It is important for a woman who gains excess weight during pregnancy to maintain her health. A healthy diet and regular exercise can help control weight and reduce health problems that can occur during pregnancy. It is also important to keep in regular contact with your doctor and monitor your weight gain during pregnancy.

Being overweight during pregnancy can have a negative impact on both mother and baby. An overweight or obese expectant mother may face complications such as diabetes, high blood pressure and pre-eclampsia. In addition, birth complications are more common in overweight pregnant women. These include prolonged labor, the need for a caesarean section and the risk of postpartum bleeding.

In addition, the health of babies can also be affected in overweight pregnant women. Even if an overweight expectant mother does not have gestational diabetes, she is more likely than other pregnant women to have a large birth, birth trauma and the baby is more likely to enter intensive care after birth. Weight control during pregnancy is one of the most important issues for a healthy pregnancy, a healthy birth and a healthy baby.

In short, the ideal starting weight of the pregnant woman, gaining the expected amount of weight during pregnancy, doing regular exercises during pregnancy, getting dietitian support in nutrition and of course regular pregnancy follow-ups increase the possibility of holding a healthy baby in your arms.

Pregnant Women Diagnosed with Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a condition that occurs during pregnancy and blood sugar levels are higher than expected during pregnancy. In this article, we will provide information about the condition and treatment of pregnant women diagnosed with gestational diabetes. This condition occurs as a result of insulin resistance caused by hormonal changes in the body during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes is a condition that can affect the health of the expectant mother and the baby.

Gestational diabetes is diagnosed with a routine screening test, the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), at 24-28 weeks of pregnancy in pregnant women without risk factors. This test is performed by measuring the expectant mother’s blood glucose level on an empty stomach and then drinking a drink containing a certain amount of glucose. Blood glucose levels are then measured at regular intervals to screen for gestational diabetes.

In the treatment of gestational diabetes, nutrition is regulated first. First of all, it is evaluated by a specialist dietician and an appropriate nutrition plan is made. Then a daily exercise plan is made. If blood sugar regulation cannot be achieved despite diet and exercise, drug treatment is considered.

In the treatment of gestational diabetes, insulin or oral diabetes medication may be required. Insulin is a hormone used to lower blood sugar levels. The use of insulin in the treatment of gestational diabetes is done according to the dose and timing determined by your doctor. Insulin use is safe during pregnancy and does not harm the baby.

It is important for pregnant women diagnosed with gestational diabetes to go to their doctor regularly. Blood sugar levels, growth and development of the baby are monitored. Mothers with gestational diabetes should also be followed up after delivery, because gestational diabetes can turn into type 2 diabetes in the future. It is important that pregnant women diagnosed with gestational diabetes comply with the treatment plan recommended by the doctor and follow up regularly.

Pregnant women with excess water in the baby

Pregnant women with polyhydramniosis (hydramniosis), a condition in which there is more amniotic fluid in the baby’s water sac than normal. This condition usually occurs during pregnancy and in some cases can lead to serious complications.

The reasons why the baby’s water may be too much can depend on many factors. Among these, a developmental abnormality of the baby (cleft lip and palate, underdevelopment of the esophagus, etc.) is important.

Frequently Asked Questions

Proper nutrition during pregnancy is vital for the health of mother and baby. Adequate nutrient intake is essential for the healthy development of the baby and the mother must meet her energy and nutrient needs.

  • During pregnancy, it is important to follow a balanced diet that includes nutrients such as protein, fiber, iron, calcium, folic acid and omega-3 fatty acids. These nutrients are essential for the healthy development of the baby and the health of the mother.

During pregnancy, it is recommended that you take vitamins and minerals such as folic acid, iron, calcium, vitamin D as supplements. These supplements are important for the healthy development of the baby and maternal health.

  • Taking folic acid supplements before pregnancy and during the first trimester is important for the development of the baby’s spine and brain. Folic acid deficiency can lead to serious problems such as neural tube defects.

Iron deficiency is common during pregnancy and it is important to take iron supplements. Iron is essential for the production of hemoglobin and is important for the healthy development of the baby.

Toxoplasmosis is an infection that can affect mother and baby during pregnancy. To reduce the risk of toxoplasmosis during pregnancy, you should avoid consuming raw or undercooked meat, wash vegetables thoroughly and pay attention to hygiene rules.

  • You can take the following precautions for safe food consumption during pregnancy:
    o Do not consume raw or undercooked meat.
    o Choose pasteurized milk and dairy products.
    o Wash vegetables thoroughly.
    o Avoid foods containing raw eggs.
    o Eat fresh and safe seafood.

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