Prof. Dr. Ali EKİZ

Prof. Dr. Ali EKİZ

Gynecology and Perinatology (Risky Pregnancy) Specialist

With over 15 years of professional experience, dozens of national and international research articles, and most importantly, his smiling face, Gynecology and Perinatology Specialist Prof. Dr. Ali EKİZ is with you.

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What is postpartum?

What is postpartum?

The expectant mother’s body, which changes during pregnancy and prepares for birth, enters a period called puerperium after birth. During this postpartum period, the mother’s body begins to return to its pre-pregnancy state. This period is generally known as the first six weeks after birth. The postpartum period may occur with different processes and symptoms in each woman. While the mother’s body is recovering and she is recovering from the effects of pregnancy and birth; Different symptoms such as pain, tenderness and emotional problems may occur. It is also very important for the mother to receive support from her husband and family during postpartum, which is a temporary period. In this article, we have compiled for you in detail what you need to know about the postpartum period.

How Many Days Does the Postpartum Period Last?

Birth is completed when the baby and the baby’s partner, the placenta, pass out of the body. After the birth is completed, the postpartum period, also known as the puerperal period, begins. Postpartum covers the first 6 weeks after birth and lasts approximately 42 days.

During the postpartum period, some mothers may experience symptoms specific to the postpartum period. For this reason, while this process lasts less than 6 weeks for some mothers, it may take up to 8 weeks for some mothers.

What Happens During Postpartum Period?

The postpartum period is a process in which many different changes are observed in the body, just like pregnancy. During the postpartum period, which is known as the recovery period after birth, the mother’s body quickly returns to its pre-pregnancy state. This rapid change brings with it various effects that the mother may feel physically or spiritually. We can list some of the changes that can be seen in the mother’s body during the postpartum period as follows:

• Shrinking of the uterus: During pregnancy, the uterus in which the baby grows and develops increases to approximately 15 times its pre-pregnancy size until birth. After birth, it gradually shrinks and returns to its previous size. Since this shrinkage occurs with the help of uterine contractions, it may cause pain for a while. The uterus, which has descended to the level of the belly button after birth, returns to its pre-pregnancy size at the end of the six-week postpartum period.

• Postpartum bleeding or lochia: During the puerperal period, every mother experiences bleeding specific to that period. During the few days after birth, this discharge becomes a dark red bleeding. The color of this discharge gradually lightens and turns light pink after the first week, and gradually turns white in the following weeks. The discharge in question usually stops completely at the end of six weeks and continues with the physiological discharge that existed before pregnancy. However, some mothers may experience postpartum discharge for a longer period of time, such as 8 weeks.

• Breastfeeding: Since breastfeeding activities in the breasts continue rapidly, swelling and tenderness in the breasts are quite noticeable during the postpartum period, especially in the first week. It is important to breastfeed correctly and frequently. In addition, regular warm showers can be effective in reducing pain and sensitivity.

• Sweating: One of the common symptoms seen during the postpartum period is sweating and hot flashes. It is quite natural for such problems to occur due to the gradual depletion of the water reservoirs created during pregnancy and changes in the hormonal system. These problems decrease and disappear over time.

What are the problems that can be seen during postpartum?

During the postpartum period, some symptoms that may strain the mother mentally and physically are also observed. These short-term symptoms are at their highest in the first week after birth, but they ease over time and usually disappear completely at the end of the process. We can list the problems that can be seen during the postpartum period as follows:

• Pain and tenderness in the abdomen and breasts are common.

• Especially in the first days, the bladder cannot be emptied completely. For this reason, frequent urination may occur.

• In mothers who give birth by cesarean section, redness in the area where the incisions and stitches are located, pain that increases with movement, and anesthesia-related side effects, especially headache, may be observed.

• In the vagina due to vaginal tears or incisions during normal birth; Problems such as pain and a feeling of pain during urination may occur. In this case, it is very important to be careful about hygiene against infection risks.

• Postpartum depression, also called baby blues, may occur. It is quite natural to go through a period of emotional sensitivity during the postpartum period, during which symptoms such as anxiety, anxiety, extreme tension, and irritability are observed. If these symptoms become severe, professional support may be required.

• The digestive system cannot immediately return to its old working order. For this reason, symptoms such as constipation, bloating, and difficulty in defecation may be experienced until the end of the postpartum period. This situation may be a little more severe, especially in mothers who have undergone anesthesia.

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