Prof. Dr. Ali EKİZ

Prof. Dr. Ali EKİZ

Gynecology and Perinatology (Risky Pregnancy) Specialist

With over 15 years of professional experience, dozens of national and international research articles, and most importantly, his smiling face, Gynecology and Perinatology Specialist Prof. Dr. Ali EKİZ is with you.

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What Are Pregnancy Complications?

What Are Pregnancy Complications?

Pregnancy is known as a process of hormonal and physical changes. In this process, both the natural effects of the pregnancy period and pregnancy complications occur. Therefore, parents may want to obtain various information about pregnancy complications. In the rest of our article, we have compiled possible pregnancy complications for you. You can find detailed information on the subject in the continuation of our article.

What Are Pregnancy Complications? How to Reduce?

Pregnancy is one of the most beautiful periods of life. The main reason for this, of course, is to wait for your baby, to feel it and of course to be able to see it. However, situations may arise from time to time. These conditions are also called pregnancy complications. So, what are pregnancy complications and how can their effects be reduced? Let’s take a look together.

1. Excessive Vomiting During Pregnancy

Nausea and vomiting are normal symptoms during pregnancy. If vomiting and nausea caused by hormonal changes are excessive and the expectant mother is experiencing weight loss, she should consult a doctor directly. Excessive vomiting can be controlled with treatment. We can list some of the measures that can be taken for morning vomiting as follows:

• Regulation of nutritional habits,

• Avoiding exacerbating situations due to the position,

• Vitamins,

• Anti-vomiting drugs

2. Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes can occur when it is not possible to produce insulin at the appropriate rate for the increased blood sugar during pregnancy. If the expectant mother has diabetes before pregnancy, appropriate precautions should be taken during pregnancy.

However, in some cases, gestational diabetes can occur during pregnancy. If gestational diabetes is kept under control, there is no problem. To detect gestational diabetes, blood glucose measurement and or sugar loading test are performed.

These tests can be applied in any pregnancy. This test, which is applied during pregnancy, is generally known as a sugar load test among the people, but its real scientific name is sugar tolerance test. This test does not cause any harm to the mother or the fetus.

3. Pregnancy Blood Pressure

This disease, which is also known as preeclampsia or pregnancy poisoning among the people, especially;

• In first pregnancies

• Advanced maternal age

• In cases of multiple pregnancy

• It is seen in obese pregnant women.

The normal cardiovascular consequence of pregnancy is a slight decrease in blood pressure. The condition of having a blood pressure of 140/90 mmHg and above during pregnancy is not normal and should be evaluated quickly and in detail.

It is known as the second most common cause of preterm births during pregnancy. It is a complication with a high probability of harming the mother or the fetus. It is important that this complication, whose diagnosis, follow-up, treatment and timing of delivery should be individualized according to the patient, should be evaluated and managed by a perinatology specialist.

4. Low Risk

The definition of miscarriage during pregnancy refers to the sudden cessation of the heartbeat of the fetus or the expulsion of pregnancy products from the uterus with bleeding and pain. If the termination of pregnancy occurs before the 20th week of pregnancy, this is called a miscarriage, and if it occurs after the 20th week, it is called premature birth.

In various situations, miscarriage can occur even when there is no problem. Especially in bleeding during pregnancy, it is useful to stay calm but contact the doctor without wasting time.

5. Lack of Amniotic Fluid

amniotic sac; It is known as a fluid sac that protects the baby in which the baby lives in the mother’s womb. If the amniotic fluid is less than necessary, the cause should be investigated in detail and then a special follow-up should be applied. Amniotic fluid may also develop due to kidney development anomaly. At the same time, it may develop due to premature water influx due to rupture of the amniotic membrane. In such cases, premature birth may occur.

6. Placenta Previa

It is a complication that occurs when the placenta attaches to the lower part of the uterine wall and partially or completely covers the cervix. It usually occurs after the 2nd trimester of pregnancy. It is also known as the placement of the placenta in a way that closes the cervix outlet.

In this case, severe vaginal bleeding may occur. It is possible to be treated. This requires a detailed examination and appropriate follow-up. In this case, normal delivery

It is not possible and it is important that the cesarean section is performed by an operator experienced in this field.

7. Placenta Accreta-Increate-Percreta (placenta attachment anomaly)

Placenta accreta is known as the condition where the placenta adheres too much to the uterine wall and causes very severe bleeding due to its failure to separate during delivery.

In case of clinical suspicion, both the fetus and the placenta should be evaluated in detail with detailed fetal ultrasonography. After determining the risk of bleeding during pregnancy, a follow-up and operation should be planned according to the risk.

The operation must be performed in a tertiary center by a perinatology specialist with adequate blood and blood product support and experienced in this field. The severity and frequency of this disease increases in direct proportion to the number of cesarean sections, especially in pregnancies that gave birth by cesarean section in a previous pregnancy.

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