Prof. Dr. Ali EKİZ

Prof. Dr. Ali EKİZ

Gynecology and Perinatology (Risky Pregnancy) Specialist

With over 15 years of professional experience, dozens of national and international research articles, and most importantly, his smiling face, Gynecology and Perinatology Specialist Prof. Dr. Ali EKİZ is with you.

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What is HPV? How to Treat?

HPV is an abbreviation for an infectious agent known as Human Papillomavirus. It also means human papillomavirus. HPV is a common virus that causes infection in humans. It usually causes infection of the skin and mucosal surfaces. There are more than 200 types of HPV, and these types can cause different symptoms and diseases. In this article, we have compiled what you need to know about HPV.

What is HPV?

HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection. It can be transmitted through sexual contact, meaning the virus can be transmitted during vaginal, anal or oral sex. It can also be transmitted through skin contact. For example; HPV virus can be passed from person to person by skin-to-skin contact or by sharing objects containing the virus.

Most types of HPV usually cause no symptoms and go unnoticed by the person. However, some types can cause genital warts, namely Condyloma. Additionally, high-risk HPV types (especially types 16 and 18); It can cause cancer of the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis, anus, and in some cases, mouth and throat. It is also known as one of the main causes of cervical cancer in women.

HPV infections are usually controlled by the immune system and most are completely cured. However, in some cases, the infection may persist and lead to more serious health problems.

What is HPV during pregnancy?

HPV infection during pregnancy can occur at any time during pregnancy, or existing lesions may progress and grow. HPV infection usually does not cause any symptoms during pregnancy, and many women may be unaware of the infection. However, in some cases, symptoms of infection may occur or lesions commonly known as genital warts may occur.

HPV infection has no direct effect on pregnancy. Generally, infection does not pose a risk to a healthy pregnancy and birth. However, in some cases, HPV infection can cause more serious problems. Especially high-risk HPV types can lead to serious diseases such as cervical cancer.

When a woman with HPV infection becomes pregnant, the infection usually resolves on its own and disappears after birth. However, in some cases the infection may be active during pregnancy or birth. In this case, complications such as the growth or spread of genital warts may occur.

Treatment of a pregnant woman with HPV infection is usually done after birth. If there are active lesions during pregnancy, doctors may recommend treatment in certain cases. Since these treatments are generally local treatments, they do not affect pregnancy.

In the presence of HPV infection, it is very important to go for regular doctor check-ups and provide postpartum follow-up and treatment. The HPV vaccine is not recommended during pregnancy, so it is important to get vaccinated when planning or before pregnancy.

What is HPV Treatment?

Most HPV infections are cleared on their own by the immune system and do not require treatment. However, it is important to treat symptoms that occur due to infection, such as genital warts, or to monitor and treat precancerous lesions due to high-risk HPV types.

We can compile the treatment methods of HPV infection as follows:

• Treatment of Genital Warts: Treatment of genital warts caused by HPV can be done by various methods. These include topical treatments (creams, lotions), freezing (cryotherapy), burning (electrocauterization), laser therapy, and surgery. Treatment of genital warts is usually done to control symptoms and eliminate lesions. However, treatment does not completely eliminate the infection. It only provides temporary relief of symptoms.

• Follow-up and Treatment of Pre-cancerous Lesions: High-risk HPV types can cause pre-cancerous lesions in the cervix. Therefore, it is important for women with HPV infection to be followed up regularly with gynecological examinations and Pap smear tests (cervical cancer screening). When precancerous lesions are detected, treatment methods may include surgical removal of the cervical area (conization) or other ablation methods. These treatments are used to prevent or treat the development of cancer.

• Vaccination: One of the most effective ways to protect from HPV infection is the HPV vaccine. HPV vaccine is administered within the recommended age range to protect the immune system against HPV. The vaccine is generally recommended for men and women between the ages of 9 and 45. By providing protection against certain types of HPV, the vaccine reduces the risk of infection and prevents the occurrence of related diseases (genital warts and HPV-related cancers).

What are the Ways to Prevent HPV Infection?

The most effective way to protect against HPV infections is vaccination. HPV vaccine provides immunity against the virus and reduces the risk of infection and related diseases. The recommended age range and doses of the vaccine may vary depending on countries and health authorities. Using a condom is also an important precaution to protect against infections transmitted through sexual contact.

The most important point for women is to perform smear tests and HPV tests for cervical cancer regularly.


You can make your appointment with Perinatology (Risky Pregnancy) Specialist Prof. Dr. Ali Ekiz via the WhatsApp button.

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